Strength:38,700 french soldiers: 20,000 infantry -17,000 landsknechts-1,700 cavalry Vs 22,200 men-22,000 infantry-200 cavalry Casualties and losses:3,000-8,000 French soldiers Vs Swiss-Milanese 8,000-14,000 men
Trailer of Marignan 1515
The Battle of Marignano was fought during the phase of the Italian Wars (1494â1559) called the War of the League of Cambrai, between France and the Old Swiss Confederacy.
It took place on September 13 and 14, 1515, near the town today called Melegnano, 16 km southeast of Milan. It resulted in a victory for the French forces..
The Swiss encountered Francis's forces at the little burnt-out village of Marignano on a featureless plain. A treaty signed, the French were not expecting battle.
Francis was in his tent, trying on a new suit of armor, when scouts reported the coming of the Swiss. The French army quickly sprang into action, forming up in three divisions:
the vanguard, posted slightly forward and on the right under Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, the Constable of France; the central battle, commanded by the King, slightly trailing the right;
and on the left and even further back, the ârearguardâ commanded by the Duke of AlenÃ§on Each division was a combined arms force of infantry, cavalry and artillery.
Massed in front of Francisâ center division was a grand battery of seventy-two field guns guarded by the infamous Black Legion, or Black Band. Also with the king's division
was the Chevalier Bayard and his company, the foremost lancers in the French army Result:Decisive Franco-Venetian victory Swiss cantons signed the Treaty of Fribourg establishing the Perpetual Peace